Moving on Up- The world’s middle class now totals 3.7 billion people, according to the Brookings Institution, or 48 percent of the world population. More than half the world should be in the middle class by 2020.
This Little Piggy– The Great Recession has had a lasting impact on Millennial savings. The net worth of an average family headed by a person born in the 1980s was 34 percent below levels expected, according to a new Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis study. More alarmingly, those families actually lost ground between 2010 and 2016, after the downturn ended, even as older families built up wealth.
AI on Wheels- The era of driverless delivery robots is near, said Andrew Hawkins in TheVerge.com. Supermarket chain Kroger and U.S. tech firm Nuro last week launched their first live test of autonomous grocery delivery cars in Scottsdale, Ariz. To start with, only one location will take part in the pilot program: a Kroger-owned Fry’s Food Store. Nearby customers can place orders online or via Fry’s mobile app. At first, groceries will be delivered by self-driving Toyota Prius and Nissan Leaf cars, with a human “safety driver” along for the ride. But in the fall, Nuro will swap in its Nuro R1 vehicle, so customers can expect to see a tiny driverless auto “that looks like a toaster on wheels” roll up to their house. The high-tech service might not appeal to lazy shoppers: Unlike “typical, human-powered” delivery services, the Nuro R1 will make customers “walk to the curb to retrieve their groceries.”
Weekly Focus – Think About It
“A great nation ought not to be a hammer, but a magnet.” —G.K. Chesterton
Not everybody loves meetings and even fewer enjoy reading the minutes, but investors make an exception with the Federal Reserve. This week the Fed published the minutes from its August 1 meeting. While no changes were made to interest rates, the minutes did provide insight to how the Fed sees the U.S. economy.
The economy is strong. The economy is poised for its best annual growth in a decade due to stimulation from tax cuts and federal spending. The current nine-year bull market is about to be the longest bull market in history and the stock market hit a new high last week. Inflation is back to the 2 percent range, after missing for several years, and the already tight labor market continues to tighten, reported The Wall Street Journal.
While the Fed remains concerned about the risks of inflation, it also is concerned about slowness in the housing market. Home building has declined due to a labor shortage and to higher cost in materials from tariffs, according to The New York Times.
- When will the Fed stop raising rates? The Fed is all but guaranteed to raise rates in September, with market odds at a 96 percent probability and a 60 percent probability for another hike in December. The Fed will continue its gradual interest rate increases for now as long as economic activity is consistently expanding at a sustainable rate. The minutes revealed the Fed governors will soon revise its policy stance from “accommodative to neutral,” reported MarketWatch.
- What does the Fed think about tariffs? The Fed is aware tariffs could derail their initial plan of steady rate hikes. Although concerned about President Trump’s tariffs, they are waiting for economic data to assess the damage. They did, however, say tariffs would have “adverse effects on business sentiment, investment spending, and employment. Moreover, wide-ranging tariff increases would also reduce the purchasing power of U.S. households,” reported The New York Times.
The Fed is content, for now, with their current policy stance of steady rate hikes, but are on edge as they wait to see how fiscal policy plays out in the data. The Fed is more likely to raise rates two more times this year given the strength of the economy.
HOW WOULD YOU ASK FOR A RAISE? When CNBC asked business author Suzy Welch how someone should ask for a raise she explained, “The key…is an approach that includes research and emphasizes your achievements.” She recommended three basic steps:
1. Time your request right. Ask after a big win, a positive performance review, or when being asked to accept more responsibility.
2. Prove your case. Be prepared to explain why you deserve a raise, including your achievements and results.
3. Establish a time frame for action. If your boss isn’t prepared to provide an answer immediately, end your meeting by asking when you can expect a response.
This is sound advice.
When Willy Appelman of Fast Company asked children at the Underhill Playground how they would ask a boss for a raise, the kids believed the keys to success were good manners, hard work, baked goods, and physical appearance. Here are some of their recommendations:
• “Ask them politely and say: Can I please have a raise because I’ve been really working hard this week.”
• “Go up to your boss and say: Is it okay if I have some more money?”
• “Be confident and try your best.”
• “I would give them desserts, like pastry and cookies.”
• “Make sure you look weaker than your employer so they have power and they might feel merciful…”
If you recently received a raise or a bonus (or expect to), you may want to give some serious thought to how you will to use the additional income – spend it, save it, or do some of both – and how your choices will affect your taxes. If you’d like to discuss your options, give us a call.
John Klevens, CFP
Sources: The Week Magazine, CNN.com and The Wall Street Journal
Portions of this newsletter has been prepared by Peak Advisor